Tips for Keeping Your Eyes Healthy This Summer
Summer can be a dangerous time for eyes because we spend a lot of time outdoors when ultraviolet (UV) radiation is generally at its highest intensity.
If eyes are exposed to a large amount of UV radiation in a short period of time, they can get a "sunburn" to the cornea, the clear front part of the eye, called photokeratitis. This can result in red, painful, light-sensitive eyes with excessive tearing. Fortunately, this normally resolves quickly without causing permanent damage to the eyes.
When your eyes are exposed to long-term UV radiation, you are at increased risk for vision loss due to cataracts, macular degeneration and damage to the retina. Long-term exposure can also lead to skin cancer of the eyelids and pterygium, a growth on the white part of the eye.
Follow these tips for healthy eyes this summer and beyond.
- Never look directly at the sun. This can cause damage to the retina.
- Just like with sunscreen, always read the label on your sunglasses. Not all sunglasses are created equal. Look for 100 percent UV- blocking lenses. Check out the large variety of fun and fashionable sunglasses we offer at ACMC Eyes & Optical.
- Large sunglasses or wrap around sunglasses offer more protection by preventing sunlight from entering from the top and sides of your glasses.
- Choose the correct eyewear for the occasion. For water sports wear goggles that fit tightly to your head. For yard work wear protective eyewear.
- Wear your sunglasses even on a cloudy day as UV radiation passes through the clouds.
- Children as young as infants should wear sunglasses when outdoors. If they will not tolerate wearing sunglasses, consider a wide brimmed hat or cap.
- See your eye care provider for regular eye exams to monitor the health of your eyes.